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- Thesis Thursday: Wenjia Zhu
by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog, 2018-06-21 06:00:42 UTC
On the third Thursday of every month, we speak to a recent graduate about their thesis and their studies. This month’s guest is Dr Wenjia Zhu who has a PhD from Boston University . If you would like to suggest a candidate for an upcoming Thesis Thursday, get in touch .
Health plan innovations and health care costs in the commercial health insurance market
Randall P. Ellis , Thomas G. McGuire , Keith M. Ericson
What kinds of ‘innovations’ did you want to look at in your research, and why?
My dissertation investigated health pl [...]
- Debt, Asset Prices, and Financial Crises
by thebusinesscycleblog in The business cycle blog, 2018-06-20 18:36:52 UTC
How tightly are debt, asset prices, and financial crises linked? The results in my recent research may surprise you.
- sfc models â New working paper
by email@example.com (Mike Norman) in Mike Norman Economics, 2018-06-20 13:55:00 UTC
Modeling economic forces, power relations, and stock-flow consistency: a general constrained dynamics approach by Oliver Richters and Erhard Gloetzl Abstract: In monetary Stock-Flow Consistent (SFC) models, accounting identities reduce the number of behavioral functions to avoid an overdetermined system of equations. We relax this restriction using a differential algebraic equation framework of constrained dynamics. Agents exert forces on the variables according to their desire, for instance to gradually improve their utility. The parameter ‘economic power’ corresponds to their ability to asse [...]
- What Does "Serious" Mean?
by Stephen Williamson in Stephen Williamson: New Monetarist Economics, 2018-06-19 21:40:00 UTC
A week ago I wrote this in a tweet: I'm puzzled by the infatuation with NGDP targeting. We have good reasons to care about the path for the price level and the path for real GDP. Idea seems to be that if you smooth Py that you get optimal paths for P and y. That's hardly obvious, and doesn't fall out of any serious theory I'm aware of. The proximate cause of that outburst was this blog post by David Beckworth who, as you might know, is a proponent of nominal GDP (NGDP) targeting. I've written before about NGDP targeting - for example I found this post from six years ago. It turns out that not [...]
- Pension Policies in a Model with Endogenous Fertility
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog, 2018-06-19 21:01:30 UTC
By Giam Pietro Cipriani and Francesco Pascucci
We set up an overlapping generations model with endogenous fertility to study pensions policies in an ageing economy. We show that an increasing life expectancy may not be detrimental for the economy or the pension system itself. On the other hand, conventional policy measures, such as increasing the retirement age or changing the social security contribution rate could have undesired general equilibrium effects. In particular, both policies decrease capital per worker and might have negative e [...]
- Monetary Policy and Inequality under Labor Market Frictions and Capital-Skill Complementarity
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog, 2018-06-18 14:23:25 UTC
By Juan Dolado, Gergö Motyovszki and Evi Pappa
In order to improve our understanding of the channels through which monetary policy has distributional consequences, we build a New Keynesian model with incomplete asset markets, asymmetric search and matching (SAM) frictions across skilled and unskilled workers and, foremost, capital-skill complementarity (CSC) in the production function. Our main finding is that an unexpected monetary easing increases labor income inequality between high and low-skilled workers, and that the interaction betwe [...]
- Inflation Policy
by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 2018-06-18 12:36:54 UTC
“[T]he concept of monetary policy in the United States at its core involves crucial elements of risk management.” Former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan, Remarks at Jackson Hole, August 29, 2003. Inflation in the United States remains at levels that most people don’t really notice. Overall, the consumer price index rose by 2.8 percent from May 2017 to May 2018 . And, when you look at core measures , the trend is still below 2 percent. With inflation and inflation expectations still so benign, it is no wonder that despite solid economic growth and the lowest unemployment rate in 50 year [...]
- Zoned Out: Building Regulations and Housing Affordability
by Jason Barr in Building the skyline, 2018-06-18 12:34:50 UTC
Jason M. Barr June 18, 2018
Have you heard the old joke about gravity—it’s not just a good idea, it’s the law! Ignore the law—say by jumping off a cliff in an attempt to fly—and suffer the consequences. The same can be said about supply and demand in economics—supply is not just a good idea, it’s the law. Evidently, when it comes to housing affordability, cities and nations world over are trying to ignore it at their own peril.
Today, there is a giant disconnect between the sentiments of economists and the residents of cities. There is near universal agreement among those in the economics [...]
- Rita Fariaâs journal round-up for 18th June 2018
by Rita Faria in The Academic Health Economists' Blog, 2018-06-18 11:00:47 UTC
Every Monday our authors provide a round-up of some of the most recently published peer reviewed articles from the field. We don’t cover everything, or even what’s most important – just a few papers that have interested the author. Visit our Resources page for links to more journals or follow the HealthEconBot . If you’d like to write one of our weekly journal round-ups, get in touch .
Objectives, budgets, thresholds, and opportunity costs—a health economics approach: an ISPOR Special Task Force report . Value in Health [ PubMed ] Published 21st February 2018
The economic evaluation world has [...]
- Jobless Recovery, Liquidity Trap, Tight Monetary Policy and the Cost Channel
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog, 2018-06-16 17:52:46 UTC
By Lasitha R.C. Pathberiya
In this study, I examine the robustness of an unconventional monetary policy in a cost channel economy. The unconventional monetary policy proposed by Schmitt-Grohé and Uribe (2017, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, SGU henceforth), recommends a tight monetary policy during a liquidity-trapped recession to stimulate the economy and to avoid jobless recovery. The results of my study show that the existence of the cost channel implies that the SGU policy induces sharp initial contractions in the employment rate [...]
- Capital Income Taxation, Economic Growth, and the Politics of Public Education
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog, 2018-06-15 11:57:20 UTC
By Tetsuo Ono and Yuki Uchida
This study considers the politics of public education and its impacts on economic growth and welfare across generations. Public education is funded by taxing the labor income of the working generation and capital income of the retired. We employ probabilistic voting to demonstrate the politics of taxes and expenditure and show that aging results in a shift of the tax burden from the old to the young and a slowdown of economic growth. We then consider three alternative constraints that limit the choice of taxes and [...]
- 314 â ADOPT goes online
by David Pannell in Pannell Discussions, 2018-06-11 15:10:59 UTC
ADOPT is the Adoption and Diffusion Outcome Prediction Tool. It is now available as an online version, replacing the spreadsheet that has over 1000 users.
I’ve previous talked about how agricultural scientists, extension agents, policy makers and suppliers need to be able to predict how farmers will respond to a new practice or technology ( PD203 ). How many farmers will adopt the new practice, and how quickly will they do so? This knowledge can influence research priorities, reserach funding decisions, the design and emphasis of extension campaigns, and the effectiveness of agricultural polic [...]
- Banks and Money, Or Watch out What You Wish For
by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 2018-06-11 12:43:55 UTC
“[S]overeign money is an unnecessary and dangerous experiment, which would inflict great damage on our country." Thomas Jordan, Chairman, Swiss National Bank, Speech at the Swiss Institute of Banking and Finance, 3 May 2018 On 10 June 2008, Switzerland held a vote on the proposal that all commercial bank demand deposits be held at the central bank. It failed by a 76% to 24% vote. This Vollgeld referendum was another incarnation of the justifiable public revulsion to financial crises and the bailouts that inevitably accompany them. Vollgeld proponents claimed that a system in which the centra [...]
- Sankey Diagram for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Forecast
by Achim Zeileis in R-bloggers, 2018-06-10 22:00:00 UTC
(This article was first published on Achim Zeileis , and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)
The probabilistic forecast from the bookmaker consensus model for the 2018 FIFA World Cup is visualized in an interactive Sankey diagram, highlighting the teams’ most likely progress through the tournament.
Bookmaker consensus model
Two weeks ago we published our Probabilistic Forecast for the 2018 FIFA World Cup : By adjusting quoted bookmakers’ odds for the profit margins of the bookmakers (also known as overrounds), transforming and averaging them, a predicted winning probability for each [...]
- Should peer to peer lenders exist in theory?
by bankunderground in Bank Underground, 2018-06-08 08:00:21 UTC
Walter Heller famously said that an economist is someone who sees something in practice and wonders if it would work in theory. Economic theory says banks exist because they channel loanable funds more efficiently than individual savers and investors pairing up bilaterally. Those informational, diversification and maturity transformation considerations imply that banks should be able to out-compete peer to peer (P2P) lenders . The stylised fact that few P2P platforms have made a profit to date is in line with this theory. If so, then P2P lenders face a difficult future and they [...]
- Evaluating the Distinctive Economic Impact of Historical Female Migration in the United States
by Fernando Arteaga in NEP-HIS blog, 2018-06-05 03:00:31 UTC
A Woman’s Touch? Female Migration and Economic Development in the United States
By Viola von Berlepsch ( London School of Economics ), Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ( London School of Economics ) and Neil Lee ( London School of Economics ),
Abstract : Does the economic effect of immigrant women differ from that of immigrants in general? This paper examines if gender has influenced the short- and long-term economic impact of mass migration to the US, using Census microdata from 1880 and 1910. By means of ordinary least squares and instrumental variable estimations, the analysis shows that a greater co [...]
- Italeave: Mother of all financial crises
by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 2018-06-04 11:55:24 UTC
Nearly a decade ago, Barry Eichengreen conjured a prescient scenario for the exit of Italy from the euro: “ Households and firms anticipating that domestic deposits would be redenominated into lira, which would then lose value against the euro, would shift their deposits to other euro area banks. In the worst case, a system-wide bank run could follow. Investors anticipating that their claims on the Italian government would be redenominated into lira would presumably shift into claims on other euro area governments, leading to a bond market crisis. If the precipitating factor was parliamentary [...]
- Some Fairly Recent Must- and Should-Reads About Globalization
by ? in Grasping Reality with the Invisible Hand, 2018-06-01 21:01:49 UTC
Ken Schultz: "I’m not an IPE expert, but it seems like you must be doing tariffs wrong if they aren’t even supported by the labor union in the protected industry..."
Paul Krugman: Oh, What a Stupid Trade War: "Even if tariffs were expansionary, that w [...]
- Protecting Customersâ Privacy Requires More than Anonymizing Their Data
by Sachin Gupta in HBR Blog Network, 2018-06-01 14:00:49 UTC
Becky Hayes/EyeEm/Getty Images
Today, good marketing relies on having detailed and accurate customer data. And companies, not surprisingly, are eager to collect vast troves of it. For instance, Amazon continuously tracks the behaviors of its 100 million Prime members , an example of “first-party” data. And many companies have found that sharing their own customer information with other companies creates synergies for both parties, especially with the increasing availability of “internet of things” data (GPS sensors, smart utility meters, fitness devices, etc.). These are examples of “secon [...]
- Why the MPC needs experts
by chris in Stumbling and Mumbling, 2018-06-01 13:33:58 UTC
There’s no doubt that Jonathan Haskel is an excellent appointment to the MPC. What we should be asking is rather: isn’t he over-qualified?
What I mean is that not much hangs upon interest rate decisions. The Bank’s own work estimates that a quarter-point rise reduces output only by around 0.15%. Granted, it’s possible that the economy might now be more sensitive than this to rate changes now. But even so, the cost of interest rate mistakes are small.
Put it this way. For a monetary policy error to have had the same cost as fiscal austerity or Brexit, interest rates would have had to rise to we [...]
- Suggested Reading for June
by Dave Giles in Econometrics Beat: Dave Giles' Blog, 2018-06-01 12:49:00 UTC
Colussi, T. , 2018. Social ties in academia: A friend is a treasure. Review of Economics and Statistics , 100, 45-50. Dette, H., K. Möllenhoff, S. Volgushev, & F. Bretz , 2018. Equivalence of regression curves. Journal of the American Statistical Association , online. Kumbhaker, S. C., C. F. Parmeter, & V. Zelenyuk , 2018. Stochastic frontier analysis: Foundations and advances. Working paper No. WP02/2018, Centre for Efficiency and productivity Analysis, School of Economics, University of Queensland. Morshed, A. A., E. Andreou, & O. Boldea , 2018. Structural break tests robust to regression mi [...]
- Building Height and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Case of New York City
by Jason Barr in Building the skyline, 2018-05-31 15:06:50 UTC
Jason M. Barr May 31, 2018
A growing body of research demonstrates that across the United States there is significant variation in household greenhouse gas emissions.  Regionally speaking, the “sweet spots” are those places with warm winters and cool summers , such as California.
Within regions, however, CO 2 emissions have an inverted u-shape . Starting in the rural areas, household carbon production tends to be low or moderate. Moving toward suburban areas, emissions rise and then peak. They then fall in the densest central parts of the city.
The reason is due first to income. Wealth [...]
- ECB research provides a withering critique of mainstream macroeconomics
by bill in Bill Mitchell - billy blog, 2018-05-29 03:30:31 UTC
Although this blog post considers some very technical material its message is simple. Mainstream macroeconomic models that are used to determine policy choices by governments are deeply flawed and the evidence strongly supports a central thrust of Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) – that fiscal policy is powerful and that austerity will kill growth. In that sense, it helps us understand why various nations and blocs (such as the Eurozone) struggled after the onset of the GFC. It also explains why the deliberate attack on Greek prosperity by the Troika was so successful in demolishing any prospect o [...]
- The Economic Consequences of the Napoleonic Wars
by guidoalfani in NEP-HIS blog, 2018-05-29 02:35:41 UTC
The Napoleonic Wars: A Watershed in Spanish History?
By Leandro Prados de la Escosura ( Carlos III University de Madrid ) and Carlos Santiago-Caballero ( Carlos III University de Madrid ).
Abstract : The Napoleonic Wars had dramatic consequences for Spain’s economy. The Peninsular War had higher demographic impact than any other military conflict, including civil wars, in the modern era. Farmers suffered confiscation of their crops and destruction of their main capital asset, livestock. The shrinking demand, the disruption of international and domestic trade, and the shortage of inputs hampere [...]
- Dr. Krugman on Coal Miners and Coal Towns
by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics, 2018-05-28 15:22:00 UTC
San Francisco, New York, Boston, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Portland are booming.� Such areas offer great opportunities for our best young minds.� These progressive cities limit housing supply and this limits population growth, causes suburbanization, and contributes to sky high local real estate prices.� Moretti's local multiplier effect hypothesis posits that the booming local economy creates local opportunity for middle class people. We all know that other places are not doing well.� The geography of upward mobility and despair is a major research topic. Raj Chetty claims that "place" is cen [...]
- To Form a More Perfect Union
by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 2018-05-28 11:38:54 UTC
“In a monetary union with the consequent financial integration, there are features like centralised supervision, deposit insurance and resolution of banks…that are necessary for the whole framework to function effectively.” ECB Vice President Vítor Constâncio, 17 May 2018 . On 31 May 2018, Vítor Constâncio completes 18 years on the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB)—8 as Vice President and 10 as Governor of the Bank of Portugal before that. Ahead of his departure, Vice President Constâncio delivered a valedictory address setting out his views on what needs to be done to make [...]